A lush green secondary forest fed by the nearly 2000-year-old water garden and small tanks connected to the Minneriya Reservoir surrounds Sigiriya rock fortress and the royal palace. Designated as a Bird Sanctuary the secondary forest of scrubland and grasslands is home to nearly endemic, resident and migratory birds, which makes it an ideal place to observe the birds in Sri Lanka’s dry zone.
An almost three hours slow walk across the sanctuary will bring you into direct contact with almost all the resident birds in the area as well as the choice selection of migratory birds who have flown to Sri Lanka all around the world.
As the final stop of many migratory birds, Sigiriya Bird Sanctuary provides a safe haven for them to feed and breed away from the predators and adverse weather conditions.
In addition to the birds, the sanctuary is also home to an occasional elephant, a large variety of reptiles, amphibians and flocks of deer.
The trail is guided by an experienced ecologist, who would provide the instructions for observing, recording and photographing birds and other animals with minimum effect on the flora and fauna of the sanctuary.